与发达国家比较，中国环境污染的历史要短的多，污染物的累计排放总量少的多，人均累计排放水平更是低的多。在某些人眼里来说，这些数字往往是“一个令人不快的真相－ An Inconvenient Truth”（2007年诺贝尔和平奖得主阿尔·戈尔主演并获得戛纳和奥斯卡最佳记录片的影片）。不考虑中国仍处于较低的发展阶段，不承认中国人均生活水平、资金和技术能力与发达国家的差距，不意识到发达国家在过去百年里累计排放的污染物如二氧化碳占大气中二氧化碳的较高比率的事实，而一味要求中国承担与发达国家相同的环境保护义务是不公平的，更是不道德的，是在剥夺中国人民的发展权。
Farewell to the Black Industrial Culture and Head for the Green Conservation Culture
By Jia Feng
The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) drew the world’s close attention.
The world are not only eagerly to know who would be the newly-emerged figures on China’s political forum but also focusing on whether China, being regarded as an express train driving for near thirteen years is able to continue its progress on the preset track, which is closely related to the future of 1.3 billion Chinese people, as well as to the fate of the rest four fifths population in the world.
Viewing the past 29-year’s development, China’s GDP growth has increased over ten folds, which also brought great improvement to Chinese people’s living situation and produced a remarkable contribution rate of 67% to the world’s poverty alleviation. Meanwhile, China also provided the world with products of low price and good quality - from household electrical appliances such as microwave ovens, televisions, to IT products such as cellular phones and computers. From America to Europe, from Asia to Oceania, and Africa, people all over the world have received benefits from China’s rapid development. With the prediction that China’s export volume will possibly rank the first next year or the year after, China will surely be worthy of the name as the engine of global economic development.
Unfortunately, China’s annual emission of sulfur dioxide (SO2), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) also ranked the first in the world, which aroused anxiety and concerns from the international community. French journalist Thierry Thuillier from La Tribune wrote: “The devastating earthquake took place in Kobe, Japan in the 90s last century had destroyed Japan’s hope of quick recovery from crisis, while the continual deterioration of environmental situation in China may possibly lead to serious outcomes and affect the country’s economy in a large scale.”
However, China’s history of environmental pollution is much shorter and the total volume of pollutants discharge is also relatively smaller, comparing with those of the developed countries. To some people, these figures concerning to China’s environmental issues might be “An Inconvenient Truth” (title of a film that starred by Al Gore and won both Cannes and Academy Awards for Best Documentary Film). Without putting it into consideration that China is still at its comparatively lower development stage, not acknowledging the gap between the average level of living, funds and technology of China and those of the developed countries, and ignoring the actually accumulated huge volume of pollutants - for example, much higher percentage of carbon dioxide in the air - that had been discharged by the developed countries during the past hundred years, it is unfair or even unethical to insist that China should shoulder the same amount of responsibilities as that of the developed countries, for such kind of arguments deprived Chinese people’s right to development.
Though with the above solid counter-arguments, China does not take them as excuses for not accepting the correspondent share of responsibilities that suit its own capacity. China in fact has already been aware of the seriousness of environmental crisis as well as the urgency of finding resolutions for environmental challenges. Just as the report to 17th?National Congress of CPC states:[...] there are still quite a few difficulties and problems on our way forward. The outstanding ones include the following: Our economic growth is realized at an excessively high cost of resources and the environment [...]".
Hence, China takes conserving energy and reducing emissions as the strategic breakthrough for economic restructuring and for the realization of sound and rapid development of the national economy. According to requirement in the “11th Five-year Plan”, till 2010, China will have at least 500 million tons of coal cut down and 1.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide reduced among the totally emission volume. Comparing with other countries’ targets on reducing the emission of greenhouse gas, China’s aimed volume of emission reduction is unprecedented.
Moreover, the report to 17th?National Congress of CPC also put forward that: “Promote a conservation culture by basically forming an energy- and resource-efficient and environment-friendly structure of industries, pattern of growth and mode of consumption. We